Ultra-thin film creates vivid 3D images with large field of view


The numerous views for the rebuilded 3D image (middle) are revealed with their matching micropatterns, which are tape-recorded in the imaging film. Credit: Su Shen, Soochow University in China

Researchers have actually established a brand-new ultra-thin film that can develop in-depth 3D images viewable under regular lighting with no unique reading gadgets. The images appear to drift on the top of the film and display smooth parallax, which indicates they can be plainly seen from all angles. With extra advancement, the brand-new glass-free technique might be utilized as a visual security function or integrated into virtual or enhanced reality gadgets.


“Our ultra-thin, integrated reflective imaging film creates an image that can be viewed from a wide range of angles and appears to have physical depth,” stated research study group leader Su Shen from Soochow University in China. “It can be easily laminated to any surface as a tag or sticker or integrated into a transparent substrate, making it suitable for use as a security feature on banknotes or identity cards.”

In Optics Letters, the scientists explain their brand-new imaging film. At simply 25 microns thick, the film has to do with two times as thick as home cling wrap. It utilizes a technology referred to as light-field imaging, which records the instructions and strength of all rays of light within a scene to develop a 3D image.

“Achieving glass-free 3D imaging with a large field of view, smooth parallax and a wide, focusable depth range under natural viewing conditions is one of the most exciting challenges in optics,” stated Shen. “Our approach offers an innovative way to achieve vivid 3D images that cause no viewing discomfort or fatigue, are easy to see with the naked eye and are esthetically pleasing.”

Researchers established an ultra-thin film that can develop a comprehensive 3D image that is viewable under regular lighting with no unique reading gadgets. They showed the brand-new film by utilizing it to develop a 3D image of a cubic die that can be seen from 360 degrees. Credit: Su Shen, Soochow University in China

High-density recording

Various technical plans have actually been examined for producing the suitable 3D seeing experience, however they tend to struggle with downsides such as a restricted seeing angle or low light performance. To get rid of these imperfections, the scientists established a reflective light-field imaging film and brand-new algorithm that permits both the position and angular details for the light field to be tape-recorded with high density.

The scientists likewise established a financial self-releasing nanoimprinting lithography technique that can attain the accuracy required for high optical efficiency while utilizing inexpensive products. The film is patterned with a range of reflective focusing aspects on one side that act just like small video cameras while the opposite includes a micropattern variety that encodes the image to be shown.

“The powerful microfabrication approach we used allowed us to make a reflective focusing that was extremely compact—measuring just tens of microns,” stated Shen. “This lets the light radiance be densely collected, creating a realistic 3D effect.”

A sensible 3D image

The scientists showed their brand-new film by utilizing it to develop a 3D image of a cubic die that might be seen plainly from nearly any perspective. The resulting image steps 8 x 8 millimeters with an image depth that varies from 0.1 to 8.0 millimeters under natural lighting conditions. They have actually likewise created and made an imaging film with a drifting logo design that can be utilized as an ornamental component, for instance on the back of a cellphone.

The scientists state that their algorithm and nanopatterning method might be reached other applications by producing the nanopatterns on a transparent display screen rather of a film, for instance. They are likewise pursuing advertising the fabrication procedure by establishing a double-sided nanoimprinting maker that would make it simpler to attain the accurate positioning needed in between the micropatterns on each side of the film.


Researchers utilize flat lenses to extend seeing range for 3D screen


More details:
Gangyao Zhan et al, Ultrathin, reflective light-field imaging film understood by self-releasing UV-curable nanoimprinting lithography, Optics Letters (2022). DOI: 10.1364/OL.463117

Citation:
Ultra-thin film creates vivid 3D images with large field of view (2022, June 23)
obtained 23 June 2022
from https://phys.org/news/2022-06-ultra-thin-vivid-3d-images-large.html

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