Catching the fog as it rolls in for more fresh water


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In the Namib desert—among the driest locations in the world—a small types of beetle climbs up the dunes, leans its body towards the wind, and catches the just source of water it can: passing beads of fog.


A various type of air-borne bead has actually mesmerized researchers for almost 2 years: Aerosols that bring infections like SARS-CoV-2. Now, hard-won lessons from the battle versus COVID-19 might assist resolve a scourge that eliminates almost a million individuals every year.

“Water scarcity is a severe issue faced by communities across the globe,” stated Aida Shahrokhian, a Ph.D. prospect at the University of Akron. “Fog microdroplets present an alternative source of fresh water in such regions if one could successfully capture them.”

Shahrokhian research studies how Namib desert beetles capture enough fog to endure. She and her partners are amongst the groups providing on aerosol filters for fog capture at the 74th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics.

Catching fog has a lot in typical with stopping virus-laden beads. “Airborne coronavirus transmission over the past year brought into the public consciousness the not-very-intuitive physics of aerosols,” stated Shahrokhian.

The scientists developed on a previous research study examining the circulation and hydrodynamic residential or commercial properties that enable the desert beetles to gather a lot water. Whereas the beetles as soon as depended upon fog leaking off greenery, countless years of advancement tuned their bodies to capture and filter fog by themselves.

Face masks, on the other hand, usage fibers to record aerosols. An unassociated French group of researchers has actually invested years working to comprehend on a deep level how fabrics trap beads, and how these concepts might create much better complex filters.

“We have all become familiar with the use of textiles to capture aerosols, as we use fibrous face masks to stop the respiratory droplets we emit as we breathe or speak. This principle has been applied to many other situations, including the collection of fresh water from fog, but many fundamental questions remain,” stated Camille Duprat, a researcher at LadHyX and the École Polytechnique.

Duprat and her group checked design systems for aerosol capture in a lab. Then, they set up a big fabric fog collector on a working meteorological scenario.

Based on the results, the scientists developed an ingenious brand-new fog filter style, utilizing structured nylon internet to record the most fog possible. They state the effective style must work in even more intricate environments.


Harvesting fog can offer fresh water in desert areas


More info:
A. Shahrokhian et al, Surface morphology improves deposition performance in biomimetic, wind-driven fog collection, Journal of The Royal Society Interface (2020). DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2020.0038

R. Labbé et al, Capturing aerosol beads with fibers, Soft Matter (2019). DOI: 10.1039/C9SM01205B

Provided by
American Physical Society

Citation:
Catching the fog as it rolls in for more fresh water (2021, November 10)
obtained 11 November 2021
from https://phys.org/news/2021-11-fog-fresh.html

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