A Florida city wanted to move away from fossil fuels. The state just made sure it couldn’t.


This reporting by Livescience.Tech and ADAPT is a cooperation in collaboration with Floodlight.

In January, Tampa was set to end up being the 12th city in Florida to set an environment objective to shift to 100 percent tidy energy. But that was prior to the gas market and Republican state legislators got included. 

Tampa City Councilman Joseph Citro had actually worked for months with ecological groups and regional services on a non-binding resolution — more of a North Star for the city than an obligatory policy. As part of its tidy energy objective, the resolution supported a restriction on brand-new fossil fuel facilities consisting of pipelines, compressor stations, and power plants.

No state-level policies in Florida need lowering planet-heating emissions, and some federal and state legislators reject the science of human-caused environment modification. So it’s been up to cities and towns to do what they can, like purchasing electrical school buses and powering courts with renewable resource. Increasingly, city governments are increase their aspirations. 

But around the nation, the gas market has actually strongly lobbied versus regional environment policies while at the same time attempting to get state legislatures to strip cities of their capability to limit fossil fuels. 

That battle had to do with to come to Florida. Just as Citro was finessing the last language on his city resolution, Republican state Senator Travis Hutson of Palm Coast presented expenses that would make Citro’s Tampa proposition unlawful. Hutson wanted to restrict cities from passing any policies focused on managing energy facilities or fuel sources. 

a large power plant with stacks spewing smoke
Smoke billows from a coal-fired power plant situated on Florida’s West Coast, south of Tampa. Andrew Lichtenstein/Corbis through Getty Images

The impact in Tampa was instant. Within 2 days, an assistant to the Democratic mayor of Tampa texted Councilman Citro advising him to pull the resolution. “You don’t want your resolution to be the impetus to overturn decades of sustainability work in cities across the state, and currently Tampa is being blamed for it,” strategist Marley Wilkes composed in a text gotten in a public records demand by the not-for-profit guard dog Energy and Policy Institute and shown Livescience.Tech and ADAPT. Citro required, providing a declaration that he would pull his resolution and rather support a narrower strategy from Mayor Jane Castor to power city-owned structures with renewable resource by 2045. Representatives for the mayor and Citro both decreased to remark for this story.

But withdrawing the resolution didn’t stop what remained in movement at the statehouse.

Lawmakers authorized Hutson’s expenses, and Republican Governor Ron DeSantis signed them in June. Florida law now restricts city governments from taking “any action that restricts or prohibits” energy sources utilized by energies. (It likewise voids any such existing regional policies, other than in cities that own their energies, like Jacksonville, Orlando, and Tallahassee.) And it avoids regional authorities from prohibiting filling station or needing filling station to set up electrical automobile battery chargers. 

Environmental supporters in Florida fear that the brand-new laws are so broad that it’s unclear what city governments will be able to do about their energy-related emissions. For example, are regional rewards for solar advancement restricted since they might limit natural gas-generated electrical power?

“This is probably all going to get litigated at extreme expense to local taxpayers,” stated Jonathan Webber, deputy director of the ecological advocacy group Florida Conservation Voters. 


The Florida costs sponsors stated they were reacting straight to Tampa’s proposed resolution. Polk County Representative Josie Tomkow, a Republican co-sponsor in the Florida House of Representatives, argued throughout a committee hearing about among the expenses that “activists across the nation, even right here in Florida, are pursuing bans on natural gas as an energy source,” keeping in mind Tampa in specific. 

“Tampa was used as a talking point for industry to justify ‘why now,’” stated Brooke Errett, an organizer for Food and Water Watch. 

Burning gas for heating and cooking in structures contributes about 10 percent of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, and carrying it from oil and gas fields to structures likewise discharges heat-trapping methane. Because of that, cities have actually begun to pass laws prohibiting brand-new gas home appliances or motivating all-electric houses. 

The gas market sees such efforts as an existential danger. In addition to backing the state preemption efforts, it has actually waged a lobbying project to encourage legislators that gas can be a part of a “clean energy” future. So far, 24 state legislatures have actually thought about or passed laws that preempt city governments from limiting using gas in structures. 

Emails gotten by the Energy and Policy Institute and shown Livescience.Tech and ADAPT, in addition to project contribution records, highlight how Florida gas business supported the expenses preempting regional environment action and the legislators who sponsored them.  

In Florida, the Tampa gas and electrical business TECO signed up 6 lobbyists to advance the preemption expenses. TECO did not react to ask for remark. 

TECO likewise appears to have actually contributed, a minimum of indirectly, to Hutson’s project. In October 2020, TECO offered $30,000 to Voice of Florida Business, a political action committee (PAC) that has actually pooled countless dollars from the energies market in the last years. That exact same day, Voice of Florida Business then sent out $5,000 to a PAC related to Hutson. It sent out another $5,000 in March. In January, TECO likewise contributed $88,000 to a PAC called Associated Industries of Florida, which sent out $5,000 to a 2nd Hutson PAC in February. 

Sen. Travis Hutson, R-St Augustine, provides a betting costs throughout an unique session, May 18, 2021 in Tallahassee, Fla. (AP Photo/Steve Cannon)
AP Photo/Steve Cannon

Tomkow, a co-sponsor of the legislation, likewise got 2 $1,000 project contributions, from TECO and another energy, Florida Public Utilities, in October. Neither legislator reacted to ask for remark. 

Additional records gotten by the Energy and Policy Institute show the market’s lobbying efforts at both the regional and state level. For example: 

  • TECO arranged a January conference with the mayor’s workplace to talk about the Tampa resolution 
  • Lobbyists from the oil and gas trade group the American Petroleum Institute who backed the state preemption expenses were arranged to meet Citro 5 days prior to he pulled the city resolution 
  • A letter from the president of the Port of Tampa Bay, A. Paul Anderson, to the port’s board of commissioners laid out efforts by the Port of Tampa Bay — a significant entrance for fuel imports — to compromise the resolution. “We have remained in constant communication with the councilman and his colleagues on the council in an effort to educate them of the negative effects this resolution will have on our tenants, our business, and our community’s economy,” the letter stated, keeping in mind that port personnel were taking part in “weekly strategy calls to coordinate our with state partners.” A Republican legislator who co-sponsored among the House expenses, Tom Fabricio of Miramar, stated the port was one factor he backed the legislation, calling it a “major hub through which the entirety of central Florida is supplied with [gasoline].” 
  • Investor-owned energies are not the only ones who support regional preemption. At least one city-owned energy was promoting the legislation too. In January, the general public affairs supervisor for Clearwater Gas, a municipally owned gas energy in Clearwater, emailed the energy’s executive director, Chuck Warrington, stating that they must talk to their state senator about Hutson’s preemption costs. “If this guy gets it through I will send him money for his reelection campaign,” Kristi Cheatham Pettit informed Warrington. Warrington in another e-mail kept in mind that the Florida Natural Gas Association, a trade group, was “championing” the legislation. Neither Clearwater nor the association reacted to ask for remark. 
  • As far back as May 2019, the city of Clearwater was planning versus efforts to limitation gas usage, consisting of attempting to convene with cities and counties that were pursuing resolutions comparable to Tampa’s. Warrington revealed issues about environment efforts by the U.S. Conference of Mayors and argued for energies to “aggressively” provide their position “with the same vigor as the extreme environmentalists.” m

During hearings about the expenses, Hutson, who resides in St. Augustine, rejected that they would avoid cities from pursuing renewable resource and stated they were rather indicated to provide state authorities a say in Florida’s tidy energy program. Yet renewable resource propositions have actually satisfied stiff resistance in the Legislature. 

Democratic Senator Lori Berman of Boynton Beach stated a number of expenses she’s dealt with to boost solar power have actually either not gotten a hearing or stopped working to win enough assistance to pass.

“I think these [preemption] bills are part of a continuing effort on the Florida Legislature to thwart individuals from having their own solar energy and to protect the electric utilities, often at the expense of renewable energy sources,” Berman stated.

Florida cities that are attempting to cut their emissions vary in their analyses of how the preemption expenses will impact them. 

Richard Kriseman, the Democratic mayor of St. Petersburg  —  the very first city in Florida to set an objective of 100 percent renewable resource — stated his city will be hamstrung. St. Petersburg had actually started to establish brand-new city codes to make structures all set for solar energy and electrical automobile charging. 

“At this point, there’s no point in us moving forward with putting those in place,” Kriseman stated.

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But John Regan, the city supervisor of St. Augustine, which remains in Hutson’s district, stated the expenses would not have an effect on the city’s present environment strategies. Regan stated the city never ever had the authority to inform the electrical energy, Florida Power & Light, how to produce electrical power. 

“The market and federal law will dictate those issues,” he stated. 

St. Augustine invests $5 million to $10 million every year on jobs to address flooding and minimize emissions by lowering its energy usage. Thus far it has actually primarily concentrated on setting up motion-sensing lights and solar-powered parking kiosks, and making city-owned structures more energy effective, instead of mandating modifications through its building regulations.

In Tampa, Citro strategies to reintroduce his resolution in early August after providing it a significant facelift. 

“They do want to still have a bold vision put forth through the resolution, but without triggering anything that may cause the utilities to sue,” stated Errett, of Food and Water Watch. 

“It’s going to be, most likely, a lot more of an aspirational call to action,” she stated.

This story was initially released by Livescience.Tech with the heading A Florida city wanted to move away from fossil fuels. The state just made sure it couldn’t. on Jul 29, 2021.

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