24-Hour Blood Pressure Monitoring Is the Best Way to Predict Cardiovascular Diseases

Hypertension is highly connected with heart diseases. | © Shutterstock

A global research study led by Teacher Jan Staessen and Teacher Zhen-Yu Zhang has actually revealed that 24-hour high blood pressure monitoring, consisting of when the client is asleep, has the greatest predictive precision for heart diseases. 

A global consortium followed 11,135 people for up to 14 years. Research study individuals consisted of locals of twelve nations in Europe, East Asia, and Latin America. The scientists compared the predictive precision of blood pressure measurements by a doctor in a workplace setting with duplicated measurements over a 24-hour duration.

“Our results show that repeated measurements over a 24-hour period most accurately capture the risk of cardiovascular diseases,” states Teacher Staessen. 

Automated high blood pressure monitoring

The scientists carried out specific high blood pressure measurements utilizing all offered techniques. They likewise figured out other danger elements. Research study individuals used automated, portable displays to enable 24-hour monitoring.

The variety of measurements balanced 30 throughout daytime and 10 throughout sleep. Among the benefits of determining high blood pressure throughout sleep, with people resting in bed, is that the outcomes are not affected by activities or meals. This a minimum of partially discusses the precision of nighttime high blood pressure measurements in forecasting heart and vascular disease.  

Enhanced monitoring of hypertension is more affordable than treating its issues, such as myocardial infarction and stroke.

“Our study is unique in its large sample size and long follow-up period,” discusses Teacher Staessen. “Moreover, the characteristics of participants were similar to those of the populations they represent.”

Hypertension is the leading treatable danger element for diseases of the heart and vascular system. Worldwide, hypertension triggers 10 million deaths each year, with over half of that death attributable to heart disease. “Our research highlights the necessity of using 24-hour measurements to diagnose high blood pressure,” stated Teacher Staessen.

Not repaid

“Most health insurers in Europe do not reimburse 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. However, 24‑hour blood pressure monitoring during the daily activities of the patient is cost-effective, as it can detect cardiovascular diseases on time.” Furthermore, enhanced monitoring of hypertension is more affordable than treating its issues, such as myocardial infarction and stroke.

“Prevention reduces the risk of premature disability and death, thereby avoiding a lot of suffering in patients and their families. About 30% of all adults and 60% of people over 60 have high blood pressure. Therefore, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring should be available at all levels of the healthcare delivery chain.” 

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