Russian and Korean scientists developed effective and cheap sound-absorbing nanofoam

IMAGE: This is the preliminary nanopowder of nanomagnetite (Fe 3 O 4) with a particular area of 70 m2/g.
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Credit: FEFU press workplace

The development product decreases a sound level by 100% more effective comparing with basic analogs, cutting the level of sound transmission by 20-22 dB. The brand-new foam responds to acoustic wave not just of high however likewise of radio frequencies, which can harm humanhealth A young researcher from the Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) participated in the advancement.


AlexeyZavjalov, postdoc, scientist at the Academic Department of Nuclear Technologies School of Natural Science, FEFU, worked as a part of the global group of Russian and South Korean scientists under teacher S.P.Bardakhanov Alexey’s research study efficiency resulted in the development of nanofoam – the brand-new noise-absorbing composite product. The outcomes of the work are released in ‘AppliedAcoustics’.

‘The issue of sound is the issue of modern-day technogenic civilization. In South Korea, cities are geared up with day-and-night working fixed and mobile networks for sound levels keeping track of. The urbanization level of such territorially little nations as South Korea is much greater than inRussia However, in our nation this issue is still essential for huge cities,’ – discussed AlexeyZavjalov – ‘The advancement of brand-new noise-absorbing products is particularly intriguing for the vehicle market. Modern individuals invest a great deal of time driving vehicles and the sound level inside the lorries’ straight figures out the lifestyle. For East Asian nations, the problem of sound control matters for high-speed railway.’ .
Porous products are exceptional noise absorbers however their noise-absorbing residential or commercial properties can be substantially boosted by nanoporous grit injected into the foam structure and formed internal channels in it. Alexey Zavjalov has developed approaches for saturation of macroporous foam product with nanoporous grit. .


Along with the fast advancement of nanotechnology, there have actually been lots of efforts to blend nano- and microsized products to develop a customized product with boosted strength, flexible, dynamical and vibrational residential or commercial properties. The acoustic criteria of such products might not be basically boosted so far.

Foam products are frequently utilized for soundproofing functions. They supply the appropriate quality at an affordable expense, however till today have actually been effective versus high-frequency sound just. At the exact same time, radio frequencies can be a lot more hazardous to human health.

Infra- and low-frequency vibrations and sound (less than 0.4 kHz) are most hazardous and unsafe for human health and life. Especially undesirable is their lasting effect, given that causes severe illness and pathologies. Complaints on such injustices go beyond 35% of the amount overall of problems on hazardous ecological conditions.

The foam product, developed by Russian and Korean scientists, showed appealing outcomes at medium frequencies and, for that reason, more specific low-frequency sound tests are required.


The enhanced acoustic qualities of the most recent hybrid nanofoam were gotten by extra impregnation of the basic off-the-shelf sound-absorbing foam with permeable granules of silica and magnetite nanoparticles. The permeable foam was immersed in nanopowder suspensions in the liquid, subjected to ultrasonic treatment and dried.

The nanoparticles granules formed in the outcome can be compared structurally to a well-known class of products – aerogel. It has not just exceptional thermal insulation residential or commercial properties however likewise has an excellent noise-proof. However, aerogels are rather costly and complex when utilized in structures. The brand-new product, produced inning accordance with the plan developed by the FEFU scientist, is structurally just like aerogel however is devoid of such imperfections as a high rate and engineering issues.


The system of sound absorption of a brand-new foam is based upon that its sound-absorbing surface area is substantially scaled due to the existence of a a great deal of nanopores in the particles injected, in addition to the area of these particles in the foam matrix through unique channels. Nanoparticles dissipate the energy of an acoustic wave changing it into heat. The soundproof residential or commercial properties of the product boost.

Scientists learnt that the composite structure is most effective for sound decrease. Thin layers of foam fertilized with nanoparticles are linked to each other in a “sandwich”- building and construction. This style substantially enhances the soundproof residential or commercial properties of the resulting product. The result of the research study likewise recommends that the more foamy product is fertilized with nanoparticles, the much better it’s sound absorption is.

‘In some approximation, any product can be represented as a network of weights linked by springs. Such a mechanical system constantly has its own frequency bands, where the oscillations propagate in the system reasonably easily. There are likewise prohibited frequency bands where the oscillations quickly go out in the system. To efficiently snuff out the transmission of oscillations, consisting of acoustic waves, the products need to be rotated in such a method that the variations that propagate easily in the very first product would remain in the prohibited band for the 2nd layer,’- commented AlexeyZavjalov – ‘Of course, for our foam product, this idealization is too unrefined. However, it permits us to plainly show the basically conditioned requirement of developing a “sandwich” structure.’


The research study revealed the efficiency of the approach of foams impregnation with nanosilica or nanomagnetite, which form granules as much as a number of hundred micrometers (in accordance with the pore sizes of the customized foam product) and having pores about 15 nm. This little addition offered a more intricate and branched 3D network of nanochannels which resulted in an extra absorption of sound energy.

Due to the approach utilized, the sound absorption effectiveness was attained in the series of 2.0-6.3 kHz and at lower frequencies 0.5-1.6 kHz. The degree of absorption was increased by 60-100% and the sound transmission was minimized by 20-22 dB, no matter the kind of nanofiller.

‘There is space to more enhance the noise taking in residential or commercial properties of the brand-new product for medium and radio frequencies utilizing the” active control” method’. – Alexey Zavjalov talk about the prepare for more advancement of such a crucial clinical subject. – ‘First of all, this describes the products gotten using a magnetite nanopowder. Active sound security systems have actually long been utilized worldwide. The essence is to find the sound acoustic fields “online” and to produce acoustic waves in antiphase by methods of speakers. That permits accomplishing a considerable decrease of sound in an offered location. Concerning the nanofoam, it’s proposed to adjust this method and to actively apply on a product filled with granules of magnetite nanoparticles by electromagnetic fields. This will accomplish even much better sound decrease.’


This research study is supported by the grant of Russian Science Foundation (17-19-01389); .

FarEastern Federal University; .

LavrentyevInstitute of Hydrodynamics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences; .

KhristianovichInstitute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Science; .

BudkerInstitute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences; .

NovosibirskState Technical University; .

School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University ofUlsan .

The initial short article is released in AppliedAcoustics, DOI 10.1016/ j.apacoust.201804024

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