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  1. The .gif shows the basic principles of how the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory ([LIGO]( detected gravitational waves. In reality, the legs are 4km in length (as can be seen [here]( The distortion by gravitational waves is massively exaggerated, as in reality, it is only 1/1000 of the diameter of a proton (which is also why gravitational waves were so difficult to detect).

    This is the source video:

  2. Given that the change they’re measuring is tiny, how can they be sure it isn’t caused by some kind of minute physical shift of the equipment/ground?

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