A new metasurface model shows potential to control acoustic wave reflection

A worldwide group of scientists demonstrated how a nonlinear flexible metasurface might transform a wave’s essential frequency to its 2nd harmonic. Structural consider metasurfaces, like the spatial plan of its particles and its structure, underpin its optical, flexible and acoustic homes. Establishing this metasurface might assist designers minimize sound from efficiency halls to cityscapes. These findings might likewise improve masking technology for submarines to avert finder detection.

Usually, when a soundwave strikes a surface area, it shows back at the very same essential frequency with a various amplitude. Their design, reported in the Journal of Applied Physics, reveals that when an acoustic wave strikes this metasurface, the event essential frequency does not recuperate. Rather, the metasurface transforms that energy into the wave’s 2nd harmonic resonance.


Vincent Tournat, a senior research study researcher in acoustics at France’s CNRS and an author on the paper, discussed that “you send out a A440 pitch and after reflection, this is changed into A880 pitch.” He stated that this wave conversion is possible “with a thin showing surface area … much less than the acoustic wavelength.”


Tournat reports that they are amongst the very first acoustics groups to study nonlinear acoustic metasurfaces. Their laboratory concentrates on nonlinear acoustics, which explains high amplitude wave interactions with nonlinear components or media. For instance, this subfield research studies how a noise communicates with fractures in a strong product, or how flexible waves communicate with extremely deformable structures.


The group established their brand-new metasurface principle from previous speculative work. Formerly, they printed soft rubber products like PDMS, a silicon based polymer, set up the parts in turning square setups, and sent out soundwave pulses through the structures. When pulses propagated through PDMS structures with a specific geometry, the scientists observed an unusual impact: the proliferation of solitons, steady nonlinear wave pulses. As an outcome, the extremely deformable structure looked like a perfect platform to develop a particular flexible nonlinearity.


These metasurfaces might substantially advance sound control innovations due to the fact that they might much better separate the primary issue in sound control: radio frequencies. “If you transform the energy to greater frequencies, then you can more quickly absorb it later on,” Tournat stated.


He likewise points out that thin metasurfaces might end up being parts of more complex gadgets like acoustic diodes and transistors. These findings might even be used to other kinds of waves. In optics, metasurfaces based upon a comparable principle “might change 2nd harmonic generation (SHG) crystals utilized to double the frequency of a laser in transmission,” Tournat stated.


These unforeseen reflections are nearly like a funhouse mirror for noise. “It would be comparable to take a look at you in a mirror and have actually a shown image moved in the ultraviolet optical variety,” Tournat stated. Moving on, the group now intends to develop the metasurface and experimentally evaluate their findings.

Check Out even more:
Integrated metasurface transforms colors of light over broadband inside a waveguide.

More info:
Xinxin Guo et al, Controling acoustic wave reflection by a nonlinear flexible metasurface, Journal of Applied Physics(2018). DOI: 10.1063/ 1.5015952

Journal recommendation:
Journal of Applied Physics.

Supplied by:
American Institute of Physics.

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