Beneath Biblical Prophet’s Tomb, An Archaeological Surprise


Seven engravings were discovered in looters’ tunnels dug beneath the ruined tomb of Jonah (among the tunnels is revealed here).

Credit: Eleanor Robson

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Deep inside looters’ tunnels dug beneath the Tomb of Jonah in the ancient Iraq city of Nineveh, archaeologists have actually discovered 2,700- year-old engravings that explain the guideline of an Assyrian king called Esarhaddon.

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The 7 engravings were found in 4 tunnels beneath the biblical prophet’s tomb, which is a shrine that’s spiritual to both Christians andMuslims The shrine was exploded by the Islamic State group (likewise called ISIS or Daesh) throughout its profession of Nineveh from June 2014 till January 2017.

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ISIS or ISIS-backed looters obviously dug the tunnels to try to find archaeological treasures from the Assyrian kings in exactly what is today Iraq, Ali Y. Al-Juboori, director of the Assyrian Studies Centre at the University of Mosul, composed in a current problem of the journalIraq [In Photos: Ancient City Discovered in Iraq]

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One engraving, in translation, checks out: “The palace of Esarhaddon, strong king, king of the world, king of Assyria, guv of Babylon, king of Sumer and Akkad, king of the kings of lower Egypt, upper Egypt and Kush [an ancient kingdom located south of Egypt in Nubia].”

This inscription was found during excavations at Nineveh on the back of a fallen "lamassu," a deity with a human's head and the body of a lion or bull. It reads (in translation): "The palace of Ashurbanipal, great king, mighty king, king of the world, king of Assyria, son of Esarhaddon, king of Assyria, descendant of Sennacherib, king of Assyria."

This engraving was discovered throughout excavations at Nineveh on the back of a fallen “lamassu,” a divine being with a human’s head and the body of a lion or bull. It checks out (in translation): “The palace of Ashurbanipal, fantastic king, magnificent king, king of the world, king of Assyria, child of Esarhaddon, king of Assyria, descendant of Sennacherib, king of Assyria.”

Credit: Stevan Beverly

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Kush leaders at one point ruled Egypt, inning accordance with ancient engravings discovered at other historical sites. Those engravings likewise state that Esarhaddon beat the Kush rulers and picked brand-new rulers to governEgypt

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Another engraving discovered under the Tomb of Jonah states that Esarhaddon “rebuilded the temple of the god Aššur [the chief god of the Assyrians],” restored the ancient cities of Babylon and Esagil, and “restored the statues of the fantastic gods.”

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The engravings likewise inform of Esarhaddon’s household history, stating that he is the child of Sennacherib [reign 704–681 B.C.] and a descendent of Sargon II (reign 721–705 B.C.), who was likewise “king of the world, king of Assyria.”

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Al-Juboori likewise equated 4 other engravings discovered at Nineveh, near the Nergal Gate (Nergal was the Assyrian god of war), in between 1987 and 1992 by an archaeological group from Iraq’s Inspectorate ofAntiquities Conflicts in the location made it challenging for the group to release their discoveries at the time.

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The engravings date to the reign of King Sennacherib, and they all state this king “had the inner wall and external wall of Nineveh constructed once again and raised as high as mountains.”

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Archaeologists discovered a number of engravings near the Tomb of Jonah throughout the 1987-1992 excavations. One of them was composed on a prism-shaped clay things and goes over Esarhaddon’s numerous military conquests, consisting of Cilicia (situated on the southern coast of exactly what is now Turkey). The transcribed engraving calls Esarhaddon “the one who treads on the necks of individuals of Cilicia.”

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Esarhaddon declares in the engraving that “I surrounded, dominated, ransacked, destroyed, ruined and burned with fire twenty-one of their cities together with little cities in their environments. …” The engraving likewise discusses his conquest of Sidon (situated in modern-day Lebanon), declaring that Esarhaddon’s army took apart the city’s walls and tossed them into the Mediterranean Sea.

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The stays of ancient engravings from other websites that ISIS aimed to loot and ruin have actually likewise been discovered. After the ancient Assyrian city of Nimrud was regained in November 2017, the making it through engravings consist of one explaining a monkey nest that as soon as thrived atNimrud

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Originally released on Live Science.

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